WAHEGURU JI KA KHALSA WAHEGURU JI KI FATEH!
The 6th Guru Hargobind Sahibji started the tradition of “MIRI (temporal power)-PIRI (spiritual power )”
Miri: This word has come from the Persian word “miri”, which itself comes from the Arabic “Amir”. The word “Amir” (which is pronounced as “a-MEER”) literary means commander, governor, lord, prince, ruler, chieftain, etc. and signifies temporal power or material power. The concept of Miri signifies worldly, materialist and political power. The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.
Piri: This word has again come from the Persian word “pir” which literary means saint, holy man, spiritual guide, senior man, head of a religious order and stands for spiritual authority. The concept of “Piri” is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of “spiritual power” or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.